Select Page

General terms

ALLY

A person, who through attitude and behavior, is active in providing support for individuals who are different than themselves and challenges misinformation and mistreatment caused by fear and lack of knowledge and awareness. Individuals advocating for the LGBTQ+ community can be either be members of this community or heterosexual and cis- gender.

COMING OUT

This is an on-going process where an LGBTQ+ individual decides whether or not to reveal their sexual identity or gender identity with each new situation or encounter. Revealing the “queer” aspect of one’s identity, for most LGBTQ+ individuals, is one of the most important and difficult moments in their life.

IN CLOSET

A term that describes hiding one’s sexual and/or gender identity because of internalized homophobia, job and housing security, or self-protection from abandonment by loved ones such as family and friends.

INTERSECTION

A sociological theory that seeks to examine and understand how multiple social and cultural categories of discrimination interact on multiple levels whereby creating more complex social inequalities.

QUESTIONING

The process of considering one’s own sexual orientation or gender identity. Usually, an individual is considering an identity that is not heterosexual or not cisgender.

STONEWALL

On June 28th, 1969, New York City police attempted a routine raid of the Stonewall Inn, a working class gay and lesbian bar in Greenwich Village. Unexpectedly, the patrons resisted and the incident escalated into a riot that continued for several days. Most people look at this event as the beginning of the American Gay Liberation Movement and all subsequent LGBT rights movements.

BIAS

Aceprejudice

Aceprejudice is a negative mindset, belief system, or attitude held by an individual, group, or institution that is directed towards asexual and/or aromantic people (including demisexual, graysexual, and other ace identities) and those perceived to be asexual and/or aromantic. It is often expressed through judgment, hostility, disapproval, and/or strong negative emotions that can also lead to discriminations, bias incident, harassment, and/or hate crimes perpetrated against asexual and/or aromantic people because of their sexuality.

Biprejudice

Biprejudice is a negative mindset, belief system, or attitude held by an individual, group, or institution that is directed towards bisexual, pansexual, or polysexual people and those perceived to be bi/pan/polysexual. It is often expressed through judgment, hostility, disapproval, and/or strong negative emotions that can also lead to discriminations, bias incident, harassment, and/or hate crimes perpetrated against bi/pan/poly people because of their sexuality.

Cissexism

Discrimination or bias based on the assumption that everyone is cisgender or should be.

Heterosexism

Discrimination or bias based on the assumption that everyone is heterosexual or should be.

Homoprejudice

Homoprejudice is a negative mindset, belief system, or attitude held by an individual, group, or institution that is directed towards LGB people and those perceived to be LGB+. It is often expressed through judgment, hostility, disapproval, and/or strong negative emotions that can also lead to discriminations, bias incident, harassment, and/or hate crimes perpetrated against LGB+ people because of their sexuality.

Internalized Oppression

A belief held by LGBTQ+ individuals that they are indeed deserving of the kind of hatred directed at them by the dominant culture. Through this belief, LGBTQ+ people learn to hate or attribute negative characteristics to themselves. Often the person is unaware of these beliefs, and they impact them in ways that may be indirect, e.g. affecting one’s desires, resulting in feelings of depression, increasing fears, limiting comfort in expressing one’s self, etc.

Transprejudice

Transprejudice is a negative mindset, belief system, or attitude held by an individual, group, or institution that is directed towards trans and nonbinary people and those perceived to be transgender and/or nonbinary. It is often expressed through judgment, hostility, disapproval, and/or strong negative emotions that can also lead to discriminations, bias incident, harassment, and/or hate crimes perpetrated against trans and/or nonbinary people because of their gender.