Celebration of Scholarship and Creative Activity 2021
Adolescent substance use trends are concerning. Use of alcohol and drug are linked to acute and long-term consequences among adolescents. Motivational interviewing (MI) is a style of communication guiding individuals in behavior change through exploration of ambivalence. Education on MI remains minimal within nursing curricula, leaving nurses ill-equipped to utilize MI when at-risk behaviors are identified. This retrospective data analysis evaluates whether online interactive virtual patient simulations bridge the educational gap and improves MI skills among pre-licensure baccalaureate nursing students. Methods: Students (N=297) completed a targeted educational simulation on Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) with adolescents (SBI with adolescents, Kognito®). A retrospective data analysis was conducted on self-perceived competence with MI via pre- and post-survey. Values were compared with a paired sample t-test and chi-square analysis, using a significance level of .05. Findings: Improvement in self-perceived competence in using MI skills to gather information about adolescents’ substance use to provide feedback (p < .001) was noted following simulation. Conclusions: Interactive SBIRT simulation resulted in significant improvement on self-reported competence of MI skills. Interactive virtual patient simulation may be a feasible method of integrating SBIRT and MI education into undergraduate nursing curricula.